Japanese film has a history that spans more than a century.Among intellectuals, critiques of Japanese cinema grew in the 1910s and eventually developed into a movement that transformed Japanese film. Japanese films gained popularity in the mid-1920s against foreign films.
The year 1950 was the golden period of Japanese cinema. Roshomon, Tokyo Story and Seven Samuraihave,the three Japanese flim gradually become the top most films for all time. This period started with Akira Kurosawa’s Roshomon which won Golden Lion in the prominent Venice Film Carnival and awarded as most excellent overseas language film in the Academy awards in 1951 and 1952. The film made Japanese cinema acclaimed across the globe and the world came to know about Toshiro Mifune, the renowned star.
The 1940s saw the great Japanese director Akira Kurosawa make his debut with an action film. His first collaboration withactor Toshiro Mifune came in 1948 in his breakthrough filmDrunken Angel. Rashoman, which premiered in Tokyo in August 1950, starring Mifune, became, on September 10, 1951, the surprise winner of the Golden Lion in Venice Film Festival. It was released in Europe and North America. The commercial and critical success of this movie opened up Western film markets for the first time to the products of the Japanese film industry, which in turn led to international recognition for other Japanese filmmakers. Throughout the 1950s and early 1960s, Kurosawa directed approximately a film a year including the films like Seven Samurai, Ikiru, a bunch of six short films Dreams, Yojimbo.Kurosawa died in 1998.
The first Japanese colour film was Carmen comes home. The first Eastman colour film was Gate of Hell. The two of Japan’s most influential films released in the year of 1954. The initial was Seven Samurai directed by Akira Kurosawa, which was regarding a group of hired samurais who defend a village from some thieves. And also in the similar year, Ishiro Honda directed Godzilla, King of the Monsters, was released in America as Godzilla .It became an enormous hit.
The enormous level of movement of 1960s Japanese cinema was also resulted in numerous classics. An Autumn Afternoon, made by Yasujirō Ozu .It was his last film. Mikio Naruse directed the extensive screen melodrama When a Woman Ascends the Stairs in 1962. The 1960s were the crest year for the Japanese new beckon movement which began in the 1950s and continued throughout the early 1970s.Teshigahara’s Woman in the Dunes was nominated for Best Overseas Language Film in Oscars and also won the Special Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival.
Yasujirō Ozu, the third of the immense masters of the Golden Age started his career as an assistant director before directing his first film,The Sword of Penitence, in 1927. He went on to direct short comedies, documentaries and love stories before being conscripted into the army. On his return, he made his first popular success Brothers and Sisters in 1941 and his reputation was preserved by the end of the decade, which was release of Late Spring in 1949 and Tokyo Story in 1953, considered to be his masterwork. Ozu’s naturalistic style, often bombardment his actors from floor height and favoring simple photography and editing, has had a enormous influence on western moviemakers.
The 1970s saw the cinema audience drop due to the spread of television. The 1980s is known as the refuse of the foremost Japanese film studios and as well as their associated manacles of cinemas. Akira Kurosawa which won the Palme d’Or at the 1980 Cannes Film Festival was directed by Kagemusha. The number of movie theaters in Japan had been progressively declining since 1960s for the economic recessions. It is known as the reverse of this movement and the introduction of the Complex in Japan in 1990.
By releasing of Kyua, Kiyoshi Kurosawa gained international recognition. Akashi Miike also had a successful career with Audition, Dead or Alive and The Bird People of China. Previous documentary filmmaker Hirokazu Koreeda made feature Maborosi and After Life. Hayao Miyazaki directed two enormous box office and decisive successes, Porco Rosso as known as the uppermost grossing movie in Japan.
In the delayed 1980s, humorist, writer and actor Takeshi Kitano emerged as an important moviemaker both in Japan and around the world, Kitano directs family unit dramas. In 2000K in Fukasaku’s film depicts the lives of a singular society where schoolchildren are sent to an island to fight one another until there is only one left standing for surviving. A blockbuster hit, the film had a sequel.